These days innovation plays a very vital role in every field and the adoption of digital technologies also plays a significant role in the way farmers treat crops and manage their entire activities in the field. There are several challenges in the agriculture field from the cost of the raw materials used to the shortage of labor. There is an increase in the need for solutions that would help people gain good output. Major new agriculture technologies in the field of agriculture are focussing on areas such as vertical farming, precision agriculture, livestock farming technology, modern greenhouse, blockchain, and artificial intelligence.
Livestock farming is the concept of using a set of electronic tools to manage livestock. This indulges automatic monitoring of animals so that their reproduction, production, and health can be improved. This includes new technology concepts such as signal analysis and statistical analysis. With the help of information technology, farmers can record numerous parameters such as age, production, feed conversion, health, growth, etc.
Vertical farming is something that is very commonly known and a great output-yielding technique. This technique is the practice of growing crops on vertically stacked shelves or layered plates. It is predominantly known as controlled environment agriculture which aims to increase plant growth and produce great output. Techniques such as hydroponics, aquaponics, and aeroponics are involved. Vertical farming is done commonly in buildings, shipping containers, tunnels, and abandoned mine shafts. Vertical farming combined with other technologies like specialized LED lights has proved that the results are 10 times the crop yield of traditional farming.
Precision agriculture is a concept of observing, measuring appropriately, and responding to inter and intra-field crops. Precision agriculture aims to define a decision support system for the entire farm management and organization. The main motive behind this was to optimize returns and preserve resources. Precision agriculture is said to be a key component of modern agriculture in the third wave.
The greenhouse is not very new, but yea adding a few modern touches as a topping has given great results for sure. As known greenhouse plays a very important role in global food production. Technologies such as intelligent automation, self-sufficient water system, optimized lightning levels, cooling technology, and strategic shading. Automation in the irrigation system, sensors to understand the pH levels, and software to understand the climate help farmers in a great way. When it comes to saving water and reusing it there are several instant automatic irrigation systems used. As known light is a very important part of farming, the modern light spectrum can again help farmers to the maximum extent.
There are numerous automation happening even in the field of agriculture. There are technologies used along with rapidly increasing applications of robots or drones in the field. Few other automation namely weed control, cloud seeding, seed harvesting, environment analysis, and analysis of soil. According to researchers the use of robots in agriculture may rapidly increase and reach the billion-dollar mark by 2025.
Blockchain in agriculture predominantly enables traceability of information in the food supply chain. A great ability to store and manage data traceability plays a key role in agriculture. It can be used to track all the details of the plants. The details include the quality of the seeds, how can crops grow, and yield results. This data can be used to bring transparency to the entire supply chain and help the farmer to understand the end-to-end process and to decrease the issues concerning unethical production.
In the journey of farming, everyday farmers produce thousands of data points concerning plants, temperature, usage of soil, water, fertilizer, etc. Artificial Intelligence and machine learning in place can greatly help them to get the real-time data to obtain useful insights with the help of which they can choose the right crop during the right season and so on. AI helps farmers to increase the overall crop yield, harvest quality, and accuracy as well. It also helps in identifying health issues in plants, pests, and insufficient nutrients to plants. This helps save costs and reduces the usage of herbicides. Sensors combined with artificial intelligence can help detect weeds as well.
As discussed previously many companies have developed robots that can identify weeds and can precisely spray on them to reduce the weeds and improve plant health. It is proved that usage of robots has decreased expenditure on herbicide by 90 percent and has eliminated 80 percent of weeds as the required chemicals are being sprayed at the right time post detection.
So these are a few modern technologies used in the field of farming to boost the growth of plants and rapidly increase the output.