Panchagavya is a natural product has the potential to play an important role in improving plant growth and giving immunity to plant. Panchagavya contains nine products. The are cow dung, cow urine, milk, curd, ghee, banana,jaggery, Tender coconut and water.
|Crops||Time to apply|
|Rice||10,15,30 and 50th days after transpalnting|
|Sunflower||30,45 and 60 days after sowing|
|Black gram||Rainfed: 1st flowering and after 15 days flowering
Irrigated: 15, 25 and 40 days after sowing
|Green gram||After sowing15,25,30, 40 and 50 days|
|Castor||30 and 45 days after sowing|
|Groundnut||25 and 30th days after sowing|
|Bhendi||after sowing 30, 45, 60 and 75 days|
|Moringa||Before flowering and during pod formation|
|Tomato||Nursery and after 40 days plant transplanting: seed treatment with 1 % for 12 hrs|
|Onion||0, 45 and 60 days after transplanting|
|Rose||At the time of pruning and budding|
|Jasmine||Bud initiation and setting|
|Vanilla||Dipping setts before planting|
Panchagavya is a mixture of nine products. That holds in a wid mud pot, concrete tank or plastic drum can be used. The five essential products received from the Cow and above said other products should be added and keep in the selected container. The mixture container should be kept near the shade and closed with a wire mesh or plastic mosquito net to safeguard houseflies from laying eggs and the formation of maggots in the solution. The mixture container is to be mixed twice a day both in the morning and evening. The Panchagavya solution will be ready after 30 days. Add 500 g of jaggery dissolved in 3 liters of water, If not available add sugarcane juice.
In drip irrigation or flow irrigation, the 50 litres liquid Panchagavya can be mixed with irrigation water for per hectare
In this method, three litres of Panchagavya to every 100 litres of water is good for all agricultural crops. In the power sprayers of ten litres capacity may need 300 ml/tank. The sediments are to be filtered when you used power sprayer, the nozzle with higher pore size has to be used in hand-operated sprayers.
Before drying or storing the seed use 3% of Panchagavya solution to dip the seeds.
Before planting the seed use 3% solution of Panchagavya to soak the seed or dip the seed for 20 minutes is sufficient. Before planting. the Rhizomes of Ginger, Turmeric and Sugarcane can be soaked for 30 minutes.
In Pre flowering you can spray two times for Once in 15 days.
In Flowering and pod stage you can spray two times for Once in 10 days.
In Fruit/Pod maturation stage you can spray two times.