View Blog Details

Organic Farming in india-Definition and Benefits Organic Farming:

Posted On : December 25, 2020

What is Organic Farming?

Organic farming methods in India is not a modern one, and it was started and followed by our ancient time. And it is a way of farming that primarily aimed at cultivating the land and planting crops in such an organic way and to keep the soil alive and in a healthy manner by use of organic waste products. The organic farming system that uses ecologically-based biological fertilizers and pest controls get mostly from animal and plant wastes and nitrogen-fixing cover crops. Latest organic farming was developed as a response to the environmental damages caused by the use of chemical pesticides and synthetic fertilizers in conventional agriculture.

Nowadays more people are embracing the thought of organic farming lately, concerned with health and environmental care issues, or striving for brand spanking new gastronomic experiences.

And changing to organic agriculture farming brings promising prospects both in terms of welfare and nature improvement also as food diversity. The advantages of organic farming also include another significant aspect of the upper nutritional value of natural food as compared to the one grown with chemical additives.

Why do we need Organic Farming?

The latest market trends, according to the natural marketing institute says that organically produced products are becoming widely accepted in every country. Next, the institute focus that over the past few years, the annual report sales of organic products have much increased three-fold with the increase, and establishment of organic food stores sell so many organic products.

The agriculture farmer’s markets also give commercialization of regionally and locally produced organic products. Currently, the retail sales of organic food products are expected to continue rising in the upcoming years at a growth rate of more than 20% yearly.

The growth of so many consumers spread all over the country have surely promoted the wider acceptance of organic food products and made it to be the fastest-growing agricultural sector. And the fast growth rate and a high profitability level give to the health benefits and the superior quality as well as taste of the organic products compared to the conventional agricultural produce.

Currently, people regularly to get awareness about the importance of organic food products and farming, and transforming the agricultural sector into an attractive economic alternative.

key characteristics of organic farming

  • And safeguard the fertility of soils by giving organic product levels, and encouraging the soil biological activity, and careful of mechanical intervention.
  • And giving plant nutrients indirectly using relatively insoluble nutrient sources and which are produced available to the plant by the reaction of soil micro-organisms.
  • And Nitrogen self-sufficiency through the help of legumes and biological systems, it also as effective recycling of organic materials adding plant residues and animal manures.
  • And disease, weed, and pest control relying totally on crop rotations, diversity, natural predators, organic manuring, resistant varieties, and biological, and chemical intervention, limited (preferably minimal) thermal,
  • And the extensive management of livestock, giving importance to fill regard to their evolutionary adaptations, behavioral needs, and animal welfare problems with regard to nutrition, breeding, and rearing, housing, health.
  • And give more importance to the impact of the farming system on the broader every environment and therefore the conservation of wildlife and natural habitats.

Organic Farming methods

The organic farming methods require strict compliance with established standards that introduce and restrict applicable techniques. The most common and approved ones include the following.

Crop Rotation

Crop rotation means changing different crops on the same field season by season. This agriculture technique may also add a fallow period within a particular interval of time.

  • And it eradicates pest and weed infestations and chemical contamination to tackle the problems;
  • And it helps to prevent soil erosion with different root systems;
  • And safeguard the soil from depletion and plants to increase nutrient release, thus chemical fertilizer that is neglecting in organic farming;
  • it helps boost yields and reduces costs.

Cover Cropping

This farming approach implies covering the sector with any plant species, either for a particular season or perennially, partially between the crop rows or completely. Cover crops tackle erosion, improve water filtration, and aeration with their roots. They also eliminate weeding with upperparts, by hiding unwanted vegetation from the daylight.

Green Manures

Mixing green plants with the soil enrich it with organic matter and nitrogen especially. It also increases moisture levels and adds nutrients for microorganisms, thus helps to improve the soil quality. The given method of organic agriculture also reduces weed infestation

Animal Manures

This organic farming method helps enrich the soil with natural components that waste from animals, either raw or composted excluding slaughter by-products. the tactic has restrictions though because the material must not contain any synthetic additives, the soil must be tested before applications, and manures are allowed a minimum of three months before harvesting.

Weed management in organic farming

In organic farming, chemical herbicides can't be used. So weeding is often done only manually. Different cultural practices like tillage, flooding, mulching is often wont to manage the weeds. Besides, biological (pathogen) methods are often wont to manage the loss thanks to weeds. When the bottom is fallow, a canopy crop is often planted to suppress weeds and build soil quality. Weeds growth also can be limited by using drip irrigation whenever possible, which restricts the distribution of water to the plant line.

Advantages Of Organic Farming

  • It helps refused health-threatening chemicals;
  • To avoided costs for expensive synthetic additives;
  • To ensured food quality and certification;
  • It increases product taste and nutritional value;
  • Helps to protect the environment;
  • It helps to recycled natural wastes for manure;
  • And it helps boost soil quality.

Disadvantages Of Organic Farming

  • It reduced production volumes;
  • organic farming increased labor and time consumption for manual and mechanical work, crop observation;
  • frequent pest and weed control rather than one-time chemical applications;
  • shortened shelf-life (natural organic food usually spoils faster thanks to the absence of preservatives;
  • The higher prices of organic products compared with conventional ones.

Willingness to Pay for Organic Products and High Demand

Organic Trade Association says reported that sales within the organic industry exceeded $50 billion in 2018. Increased interest in health, also as concern over the environment, are leading many consumers to modify organic products. Research shows that organic consumers are willing to pay a better price for safer, higher quality organic products.

Sales of organic food products can expand beyond the local farmers' market or grocery to incorporate restaurants, giving an organic farmer an outsized market to focus on.

Environment,Current health, and animal treatment concerns suggest the organic trend will continue,

Ecological Benefits

Organic production should never be confused with an eco-friendly production. Eco and organic aren't an equivalent thing. thereupon said, a plus to organic farming is that there are ecological benefits, such as:

  • It helps Water protection and conservation.
  • It helps to reduce toxins in the soil, such as diesel and fertilizer that may harm the soil.
  • It helps Improved and protect biodiversity.
  • And it helps to a decreased the risk of global warming.

View Comment's

Please Leave a ReplyCancel Reply