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kadaknath chicken farming Business guide

Posted On : June 29, 2021

Black Meat Chicken is three famous types available in the world. They are available in three colors and namely golden, penciled, and dark black. Kadaknath chicken is the best poultry breed in India and its native is the Jhabua district of Madhya Pradesh, India. Kadaknath chicken is popular for its black meat and known as BMC (black meat chicken). Kadaknath chicken is famous for its meat quality, texture and taste, and medicinal property. The demand for Kadaknath chicken is growing day by day and spread across other Indian states due to their high medicinal values. Especially Kadaknath chicken had great medicinal value in homeopathy and useful in treating a particular nervous disorder. Basically, Kadaknath chickens are reared by tribal communities in Bhil and Bhilala in the districts Jhabua and Dhar in the state of Madhya Pradesh. Kadaknath chicken raising especially in the states Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Telangana, and Tamil Nadu. Kadaknath chicken meat and eggs are in black color.


  • Kadaknath – Native to Madhya Pradesh, India.
  • Silkie – Native to China.
  • AyyamCemani – Native to Indonesia.

kadaknath breed comes in three differently colored feathers viz. Jet black, Pencilled and Golden Kadaknath.

The Jet black adult males and females are black in color, Golden adult males and females are black in color with Golden feathers on head and neck, and Pencilled variety male and female was black with white feathers on the neck. In all varieties, skin, beak, shanks, toes, and soles of males and females was a dark gray color, And tongue was the dark gray or light black color. Comb, Wattles, and earlobes were light gray to dark gray-colored, and also purple hue colored was also observed. In all varieties of Kadaknath breed, most of the internal organs are black in color. which is due to the deposition of melanin pigment in the connective tissue of organs and in the dermis.

Characteristics and behavior

Female-Female starts laying eggs after 6 months. not a good broody hen.

Male – Males are almost double the size of females.

Feather – Feather is shiny and dark black. Some feathers reflect green color in sunlight.

Comb – Comb is black. It is fully developed in a healthy rooster.

Legs – The muscular legs are also black in color.

Tongue – Black.

Egg –The eggs of kadaknath are black in color. But the color is creamy.

Kadaknath chicken farming

A huge opportunity in kadaknath Poultry farming because most popular and o black meat chicken breed in India.

There is a small investment need to start kadaknath chicken farming if you have free space in the backyard with few hens.

kadaknath ready for sale in 4 to 5 months. It can easily achieve 1.5 kg in 5 months.

The weight of male kadaknath is 1.5 kg and the female 1 to 1.2 kg.

This chicken breed has a good Food conversion ratio , and achieves good weight in a short duration time.

Disease in this breed is low compared to broiler chicken.

Kedarnath chick price is 45 rs and the one-month-old price is 80 to 100rs.

Comparison of kadaknath chicken with Desi chicken

Kadaknath chickenDesi chicken
Eggs production in a year110 – 12070 – 80
Weight of egg40 – 45 g30 – 35
Egg colourDark BrownLight Brown
Price of Egg20 – 25 Rs10 – 15
Egg Spoilage during Hatching20%30%
Tenderness of meatLean and softHard
Meat colourBlack Light Red
Market Price (5 Months)800-1000 Rs500 – 600
Health BenefitsMoreLess

Production potential of Kadaknath birds

  • Kadaknath starts laying eggs from 6 months onwards.
  • Eggs are laid in two to three clutches per year,
  • 25 to 30 eggs per clutch; and 80 to 90 eggs are produced annually.

Hens of this breed show poor brooding ability and the eggs are, therefore, kept under Desi hens for hatching a traditional practice followed by tribal in this area. A bamboo basket is lined with crop residue of paddy/wheat or dried grass to provide a cushion for the eggs to be hatched. Eggs of both Desi and Kadaknath birds are placed on this cushion to be hatched by a broody Desi hen. This traditional technique is being encouraged by the PFT to propagate Kadaknath through natural means and ensure the availability of Kadaknath chicks in the villages.

Reproductive and Productive Performance

The reproductive and productive performance traits include broodiness, hatchability percent on total egg basis, age initially egg, and egg production during first, second, third, and fourth laying cycles. after the attainment of sexual maturity, a hen starts laying eggs and continues for 15 to twenty days. this termed as a laying period, after the bird becomes broody and incubates the eggs for 21 to 26 days. This period may be termed as the incubation period. After the hatching of chicks hen broods them for 35 to 70 days, this period may be termed as the brooding period. This completes one laying cycle and then the birds enter the next laying cycle. Each laying cycle comprises of three to 4 months duration, which ends up in 3 or 4 laying cycles per annum . Although the birds lay eggs throughout the year but low during summer, particularly in the month of May and June. Even if eggs are laid but hatchability was very poor.

How to start Kadaknath farming business ?

If you are to know about how to start Kadaknath chicken farming business, full details to start kadaknath poultry farming

  • Before starting a business, you need to be a good marketer grab and identify the new audiences, you must find the customer at your location. Afterward, you may hire a marketing team for promotion
  • First you register your business as a company or proprietorship. and you are the identity by company.
  • Assets : you must have land for poultry farming , and need at least 800 sq feet to scale the business in the future.
  • Apart from the land you are required to have proper structure for the Feeding room, poultry shed, and other equipment for Kadaknath poultry farming.
  • A lot of money is needed and you may apply for a mudra loan for of investment.
  • Investment cost & Profit margin for Kadaknath poultry farming

    Investment depends on the capacity of chicks, The starting cost of Kadaknath Poultry farming usually differs from the number of Kadaknath. if you wish to start with 1 days Chicken, the per bird cost start from 20 to 30 rs. and Chicken of 7 days it will cost around 70 to 80 rs per bird.

    • you start with 100 Chickens of 1 day , it will cost around 2500 rs and other charges.
    • For birds of 7 days, you pay Around 7500 rs to 8000 rs + other costs 8500.
    • In feeding it takes around 1 rs per day. this will be the cost of starting with 100 birds.
    • The investment for the complete growth of the Kadaknath is around 300 rs to 400 rs.
    • include 300 rs to 400 rs.amount and per bird purchasing amount, the total will be 370 to 480 rs.
    Ingredients Brooder mash (0-8 weeks) in grams Grower mash (9-19 weeks) in grams Layer mash (20-72 weeks) in grams
    Maize 59.00 40.00 57.00
    Bajra 10.00
    DORB 4.00 23.80 5.00
    Soya Meal 24.50 10.70 14.40
    Sunflower Meal 7.00 7.00
    Fish meal 10.00 6.00 9.00
    Mineral mixture 2.00 2.00 2.00
    Shell grit 5.00
    Salt 0.50 0.50 0.50
    Methionine 0.10

Nutritional value of Kadaknath chicken

Kadaknath Chicken, offers more rich levels of nutrition to humans. Kadaknath chicken meat has an intense and distinctive taste, and it contains had high protein 25% white chicken meat 18%. And rich in vitamins B1, B2, B6, B12, C, and E, niacin, calcium, phosphorus, and iron, the inky fowl has a low-fat content of only 0.73-1.03% and 25% in other chicken breeds. Kadaknath meat contains 18 amino acids, eight are essential for the human body. Black meat considered healthier as it contains 24% linoleic acid, as opposed to the 21% in white chicken., The cholesterol level in Kadaknath is only 184.75 mg/100 gm and other chicken varieties218.12 mg/100 gm level present in. This Kadaknath meat and eggs are highly desirable to the health-conscious.

Cost of Kadaknath Chicken and Eggs

Because of Kadaknath chicken birds have high medicinal values, their meat cost about 600 to 800 Rs/kg. And Kadaknath bird eggs also nutritious one, they are sold up to 40 to 50 Rs/egg in the market.

Nutritional Value Comparison:- The chart compares the Kadaknath nutritional values with other chicken breeds.

Properties Kadaknath Chicken Other Breeds of Chickens

Protein content 25% other 18 to 20%

Fat content 0.73 to 1.03 other 13 to 25%

Linoleic Acid 24% other 21%

Cholesterol 184mg / 100gm / 100gm

Kadaknath farming profitable?

Single Kadaknath can lay 100 to 110 eggs in their life span and the cost per egg is around 25–40 rs. you sell the eggs earn 2500- 4000 and chicken cost per kg is around 700rs, and you can get 1200 to 1500 per chicken.

Kadaknath chicken so expensive?

Kadaknath Chicken can be even consumed by heart patients and sugar patients that makes increases its demand and cost. Apart from this the ratio of purchased chicks and grown chicken is very high.

Eating Kadaknath chicken safe?

Kadaknath chicken suggested by doctors for heart patients and diabetes patients. It’s the most expensive yet beneficial chicken available in the market.

How can I start a poultry farm in India?

1. find the local market and potential of customers

2. Prepare the blueprint of the business

3.Arrange the assets

4.Prepare a marketing funnel

5.Setup the Farm structure

6.Deliver the quality


  • Buy good breeds of Kadaknath birds
  • Mainly put old chicks with proper vaccinations.
  • Start Kadaknath chicken farming with 30 to 50 birds and keep increasing the bird when you gain the experience.
  • For chicks and feed information.Consult with poultry department of Agriculture University and veterinary universities
  • Some state government are funding incentives on these birds breeding,
  • Birds require proper care and provide necessary shelter /light /water/feed.
  • Don’t start business without knowing the poultry line of business.
  • you are going to starting a Kadaknath chicken farming, make sure you establish a proper marketing channel.
  • To avoid bacterial and viral diseases and keep.follow the scheduled vaccination chart

Kadaknath chicken farming Profit Guide

Fixed cost
Shed cost (10×40)15000
Recurring Cost
200 chicks (1 month old,
80 Rs per chick)
12 bags of 50  kg
Company Poultry feed 
4 Quintal Maze   8000
Medicines 1000
Total Recurring cost44200
Mortality (10%) 20 chicken died
180 chickens sold at the rate of
800 Rs Per chicken 
150 Eggs sold at the rate
of 15 rs per Egg
Total Income146250

Total Profit = Total income – Total recurring cost

                     = 146250 – 44200

Total Profit = 102250 Rs (In 5 Months)

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